Are you afraid of spiders? Your disgust may actually be wise. Although many-legged insects are much smaller than us, some of them can be extremely dangerous with their bites, which can end human life.
There is no need to be too afraid if you are walking on the web, not all spiders are so dangerous. And even for those that do, advances in antidote technology have made the treatment more effective.
To understand the true danger of some spiders, you must first debunk a few myths. Here’s everything you need to know about which arachnids to avoid, from daddy’s longlegs to tarantulas and black widows.
What is the deadliest spider in the world?
The funnel spider is considered the most dangerous arachnid. The venom of this Australian spider is made up of 40 different toxic proteins.
Although the bite of one of these creatures is certainly capable of killing a person, there has not been a single death from a funnel-web spider in Australia since 1980.
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Are Daddy Long Legs Poisonous?
Not in a dangerous way. But wait, isn’t Daddy Long Legs the most dangerous spider in the world? No, it’s a myth. While it is true that daddy’s long legs are venomous, all this means is that they anatomically have special glands used to produce venom.
“Daddy Long Legs” is actually a general term that can refer to three different groups: house spiders, crane flies, and harvestmen. The last two have no venom at all, while the first contains venom, but not one that is particularly dangerous or has been reported to cause a reaction in humans. This form of “daddy’s long legs” has fangs and can therefore bite you, but there is no evidence that this can be harmful.
What are the deadliest spiders?
There is some controversy around this topic. But according to CBS News, the top ten deadliest spiders are:
Encyclopedia Britannica adds Yellow Sac, Red Widow and Wolf to this list.
Can a black widow kill you?
Rarely. A black widow bite poses a high health risk only to young children and the elderly, especially with advances in medical antivenom technology.
However, black widows are indeed the most venomous spiders in North America (Australian spiders are of particular notoriety). Their venom contains a chemical called alpha-latrotoxin, which causes severe pain, cramps, swelling, sweating, and chills.
If you see a doctor, they can give you an antidote to treat the bite, which will neutralize the venom and relieve some pain.
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Are banana spiders poisonous?
Banana spiders are not venomous and generally do not pose a serious danger to humans, although their bite can be painful.
There is one species of banana spider known as the Brazilian wandering spider that can cause severe symptoms in rare cases. This is not a spider commonly found in the USA.
Are wolf spiders poisonous?
Wolf spiders, like banana spiders, are venomous but not venomous. Their bites are not known to cause serious harm to humans.
People can have allergic reactions to the venom, but this is uncommon.
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Are tarantulas poisonous?
Tarantulas do not pose much of a health risk. Their venom has very low toxicity to humans. So, despite their unsettling appearance, there is very little reason to fear these furry creatures.
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This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: What is the world’s deadliest spider? It’s not what you think.
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