Mental disorders can impair a person’s overall ability, change his behavior, make him unable to control his emotions and personal thoughts, and prevent him from integrating with his family and society.
As a result, if you’re interested in learning more about the most common types of psychological disorders and their symptoms, keep reading because this article will give you a comprehensive overview of the various types of mental disorders that can affect a person’s mental health.
- Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that has a significant impact on a person’s mood and psyche.
It’s important to understand that this type of mental disorder has two types of episodes: depressive and manic, each with its own set of symptoms.
For example, manic episodes are associated with the following symptoms:
- Unusual chatter
- Ideas rush
- The sensation of not needing to sleep.
- At the same time, a feeling of cheerfulness, good mood, irritability, and sensitivity.
While the following are some signs of a depressive episode:
- Not being motivated to do anything.
- Feeling anxious, empty, sad & hopeless about everything.
- Feelings of hesitancy and inability to concentrate…
- Recurrent thoughts of suicide, death, or self-destructive behavior…
- Self-criticism without any reason
- Loss of self-confidence, loss of self-esteem…etc.
- Personality Disorders
A personality disorder is undeniably one of the most common mental disorders among many people, whether men or women.
A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder in which the individual exhibits unusual personal behavior and thinks differently.
Patients with this mental disorder may struggle to change their behavior or adapt to new situations, as well as understand people and situations.
Important note: It should be noted that personality disorders come in many varieties, each with its own set of criteria and characteristics.
There are antisocial personality disorders, obsessive-compulsive personality disorders, paranoid personality disorders, and so on.
The following are common personality disorder symptoms:
- Irregular thinking and speaking.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Disturbed motor behavior.
- Mental anxiety disorders
It is important to understand that anxiety is a normal feeling that anyone, small or big, can feel.
However, people with anxiety disorders frequently experience abnormally high levels of anxiety for no apparent reason.
A person suffering from this mental illness, for example, is constantly fearful of the worst and unable to stop worrying about his health, money, family, work, or studies.
Here are some of the psychological and physical symptoms associated with anxiety disorders:
- Inability to dismiss or let go of your anxieties.
- Inability to relax, restlessness, or tenseness.
- The patient can regard situations and events as a threat, even if they aren’t true.
- Difficulty dealing with doubt
- Nervousness or easily startled
- difficulty sleeping
- Muscle tension or muscle aches
- Shivering, feeling shivering
- Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic disorders are also classified as mental disorders because they cause the patient to have abnormal thoughts and perceptions, causing him to lose contact with reality.
That is, the patient may be persuaded by false beliefs and refuse to change his mind despite evidence to the contrary, as well as hear voices or see things that are not present.
In this disorder, the person suffers from hallucinations, schizophrenia, & delusions.
The primary symptoms of psychotic disorders are as follows:
- Difficulty concentrating
- Having depression.
- Constant anxiety and stress.
- Not paying attention to personal hygiene.
- Staying away from others and not communicating with them.
- Lack of facial expressions in different situations.
- Having delusions as a result of abnormal thinking, such as believing he has a superpower, etc.
- Auditory and visual hallucinations, as the patient may be conversing with someone who isn’t present.
- Eating Disorders
Eating disorders, which are defined as abnormal eating habits that have a negative impact on a person’s mental or physical health, are another type of mental disorder that can strike anyone at any stage of their life.
It should be noted that the most common eating disorders are binge eating disorder (when a person eats a lot in a short period of time), anorexia nervosa (when a person eats too little and thus has a lower body weight than normal), and bulimia nervosa (when a person eats a lot and then tries to get rid of food at the same time).
Eating disorders are frequently caused by mental disorders (such as depression and anxiety) caused by poor mental health.
The following are the symptoms of various eating disorders:
- Eat quickly.
- Eating in isolation.
- After overeating, feeling depressed, sick, disgusted, or guilty.
- The patient ate a lot of food until he wasn’t hungry anymore.
- Permanent change in body weight.
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
We must not overlook post-traumatic stress disorder when discussing types of mental disorders.
In fact, this disorder develops after a person experiences a specific trauma, such as a natural disaster, war, physical or sexual assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or any other trauma.
People suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) typically have a strong sense of danger, as well as severe distress symptoms such as feeling nervous or afraid even in safe situations, recalling all of the bad memories, having nightmares, difficulty sleeping, and other difficult symptoms.
Important note: PTSD is one of the most common mental disorders, affecting people of all ages.
Among the most common symptoms that a Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) patient may experience are:
- Changing mood
- Reactions change
- The patient usually finds himself recalling and reliving his traumatic and painful experiences.
- Impulse control disorders
This type of disorder is part of obsessive-compulsive disorders, a group of mental disorders in which people are unable to control things that could harm them or those around them.
It should be noted that these disorders include the following: conduct disorder, intermittent emotional disorder (characterized by outbursts of extreme anger and uncontrollable violence), kleptomania, arson mania, violent acts, lack of concentration, & hyperactivity.
Furthermore, a person suffering from impulse control disorders frequently experiences tension or intense excitement before engaging in addictive behavior, followed by a sense of happiness, satiety, or even liberation.
This type of mental disorder is frequently associated with these symptoms, which usually last less than 30 minutes:
- Energy boost
- Ideas rush